Froth Floatation Process
This method is used for concentration of sulphide ores of copper, lead and zinc. In this method, powdered ore is put in a tank full of water. And then, some Pine oil is added to it. In the tank the particles of sulphide ore are wetted by pine oil whereas the gangue particles are wetted bywater. Then air is passed through this mixture. This results in the agitation of water in tank, which cause the sulphide ore particles to stick with the oil and rise to the surface in the form of froth. The gangue particles being heavier remain behind at the bottom of water tank. The froth is separated and concentrated sulphide ore is obtained from it.